A Legal Policy Study for the Implementation of Mobility Services in Smart Cities

More recently, in the field of transport, the convergence and integration of innovative technologies, such as ICT and artificial intelligence, as a result of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, has ushered in a completely new era of mobility, of which the smart city is arguably a paradigmatic example. As innovative, unprecedented services have emerged, our legislation has been continuously revised to accommodate, promote, support, and regulate new mobility industries, means, and services. With regard to mobility-related legislation (drafts) concerning individual mobility services, there are many existing laws that should be considered. When enacting or amending laws, possible conflicts or contradictions need to be examined by considering the relationship with other laws. In addition, in order to implement various mobility services in smart cities, it is necessary to first prepare a plan to improve the legal system for commercialization of each mobility service. The issues that are expected to arise during the implementation of mobility services include the regulation of mobility services and the legal gap, the protection of personal information, the protection of the information-underprivileged, the mobility rights of the transportation vulnerable, and conflicts with existing industries. The issues to be resolved in the consolidation of mobility services should be further improved through public discourse, and ultimately, primary policy measures should be reflected through legislation and revision. Specifically, the development of legislation to improve regulation and to fill a legal gap, material and educational support for the information-underprivileged, the development of support services for the transportation vulnerable, and the exploration of measures to coexist with existing industries should be discussed in detail.